Trenton (New Jersey)
Trenton [ T e n t o n ] (English Trenton) is a city on the east coast of the USA, the capital of the state of New Jersey.
|40°13'18″ pp. 74°45'22″ h.d.|
|History and geography|
|Center Height||16 m|
|Time zone||UTC-5:00, summer UTC-4:00|
|Population||84,913 persons (2010)|
|Population of agglomeration||22,085,649 (New York)|
|Phone code||+1 609|
|Postal Indexes||08608, 08609, 08610, 08611, 08618, 08619, 08620, 08625, 08628, 88629, 08638, 08641, 08648, 08650|
|Media files on Wikimedia Commons|
The first white settlement on the site of today's Trenton was founded by a Quaker group from Sheffield in 1679. Quakers were persecuted in England at that time, and North America allowed them to practice their religious views freely.
By 1719, the city had taken the name Trent Town, in honor of the district's largest landowner, William Trent. Later the name was reduced to "Trenton".
During the War of Independence, it was here that the famous Battle of Trenton took place on December 26, 1776, in which American troops participated under the leadership of George Washington. After the war Trenton became for a short time (in November and December 1784) the capital of the United States . Originally viewed as a future permanent capital, the southern states advocated its relocation closer to the Mason-Dixon line.
In 1790 Trenton became the capital of the state of New Jersey.
Geography and climate
Trenton is located on the Delaware River and is one of the two state capitals (along with Carson City) located on the border with another state (Alaska Juno's capital borders Canadian province British Columbia).
Trenton lies on the edge of temperate continental and subtropical ocean climate zones. All four seasons are clearly expressed, the winter is cool, the summer is hot and rainy.
|Average maximum, °C||3.9||5.7||10.5||16.3||22.1||27.1||29.6||28.7||24.5||18.3||12.5||6.2||17.2|
|Average temperature, °C||-0.5||1.1||5.2||10.7||16.2||21.4||24.7||23.3||19.0||12.6||7.6||1.9||12.0|
|Medium minimum, °C||-4.9||-3.4||-0.1||5.0||10.3||15.7||18.9||17.9||13.6||6.8||2.7||-2.4||6.7|
|Precipitation rate, mm||80||59||105||90||111||112||126||104||109||106||84||94||1180|
|Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|
According to the 2010 census, Trenton had 84,913 inhabitants, 28,578 households and 17,747 families.
Race composition of the population:
- white - 13.5% (in 1950 - 88.6%)
- African Americans - 52.0%
- Hispanics (all races) - 33.7%
- Asians - 1.2%
Trenton's ethnic composition has undergone significant changes throughout his history. The city was founded by people from England almost 350 years ago, in the second half of the 19th century, the majority were Irish and Italians, and today's Trenton is a city of African and Hispanic Americans. Puerto Ricans are the largest national community (15 per cent). English Americans, who represented an absolute majority when Trenton briefly became the US capital, now account for only 1.5% of the city's citizens.
The average annual per capita income is $17,400. The average age of urban residents is 32.6 years. Crime rates are very high, 3.7 times higher than the American average and 4.6 times higher than the New Jersey average.
Politically, most citizens support the US Democratic Party.
In the second half of XIX and the first half of XX centuries Trenton was a large industrial center, which was one of the leading places in the USA in the production of rubber, electrical wiring and ceramics. Today, the only relic of those times was the slogan "Trenton Makes, The World Takes" on a bridge across the Delaware River.
Since the 1960s, the city has entered a decline and de-industrialization course. Industrial enterprises were closed, white workers left the city, offices of companies were moved from the Trenton business center to more attractive suburbs. Attempts to revive Trenton's center by state and city authorities in the 1990s failed to produce the expected results. The state of New Jersey is the city's largest employer today, and many city dwellers are highly dependent on social programs.
The city is serviced by the municipal airport (IATA: TTN, ICAO: KTTN), located 6 kilometers northwest of the business center. Regular flights were terminated in the late 1970s due to the general decline of the city. However, due to congestion at the nearest major airports - New York and Philadelphia, in 2012 Frontier Airlines started flights from Trenton to Orlando, and in 2013 it is planned to open 10 more routes, including to Atlanta , Chicago, Detroit and New Orleans.
Trenton Railway Station is located on the so-called. The Northeast Corridor is a fully electrified, very busy line linking Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington. Dozens of trains to these cities stop at the station daily.
In the vicinity of Trenton passes interstate highway I-95, as well as highways US 1 and US 206.
The city's public transport, like that of the state as a whole, is managed by the New Jersey Transit organization and is mainly represented by buses. There is also a 55-kilometer light rail line linking Trenton to Camden.
- Antonin Gregory Skalia (born. 1936) - American lawyer, member of the US Supreme Court.
- Gregory Mankew (born. 1958) — American economist.
- Dennis Rodman (born. 1961) - American basketball player.
- George Antelle (1900-1959) is an American composer and pianist.
- Judith Light (born. 1949) - American actress.
- David Norman Dinkins (born. 1927) — 106th Mayor of New York.
- Zalman King (1942-2012) is an American producer, screenwriter, director, actor, cameraman.
- Norman Schwarzkopf (born. 1934) — American warlord, general.
- Emerson, Harrington (1853-1931) is an optimizer and management theorist.
- Vladimir Stelmashonok (1928-2013) - Belarusian Soviet painter, people's artist of the BSSR, Honorary citizen of the city.
- ↑ United States of America // Atlas of the World / Composition and Prepared for Publishing. PCO "Cartography" in 2009 ; rev D. V. Pozdniak. — M. : PCO "Cartography" : Onics, 2010. P. 168—169. — ISBN 978-5-85120-295-7 (Cartography). — ISBN 978- 5-488-02609-4 (Onics).
- ↑ Trenton // Dictionary of geographical names of foreign countries / ed. A. M. Komkov. — 3rd edition, overwork and additional — M. : Nedra, 1986. P. 373.
- ↑ Ageenko F. L. Trenton // Dictionary of own names of the Russian language. Hit. Pronunciation. A word change. — M.: Peace and Education; Onics, 2010. P. 729. — 880 p. — ISBN 5-94666-588-X, 978-5-9466-588- 9.
- ↑ Harrington Emerson Papers, 1848-1931 1541.www.libraries.psu.edu. Case date: August 27, 2020.
- ↑ People's Artist of Belarus Vladimir Stelmashonok has passed away
- Trenton's official website
- Trenton local community news
- Trenton Public Schools
- Data for the Trenton Public Schools
- Trenton Historical Society